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Are you multimorbid? Even then, a healthy lifestyle adds years to your lifespan
Even if you have multiple chronic diseases and, for example, are diabetic but also have cancer, a healthy lifestyle can add years to your lifespan. Not-smoking and exercise are especially important.
The researchers were able to follow the study participants until 2016. Eleven thousand study participants died during the study period.
If the study participants had 2 or more chronic conditions - that was the case for one-fifth of the study participants - the researchers considered them to be 'multimorbid'.
The researchers looked at 4 criteria to characterize the lifestyle of the study participants. Drinking less than 2 glasses a day, exercising more than half an hour a day, not smoking and eating more than 5 servings of fruit or vegetables daily was sufficient to score a full okidoki on all 4 criteria.
Click on the figures below for a larger version.
The researchers were able to calculate how many years of lifestyle add to your life expectancy. The first figure below shows the effect for the multimorbid study participants, the second for the other individuals.
Whether you are a man or a woman, and whether you are multimorbid or not, at age 45 a healthy lifestyle can add 6-8 years to your life expectancy.
The strongest lifestyle factor the researchers were able to detect was not smoking. Physical activity came second.