Anabolic steroids use in women is often a man's job
Most female bodybuilders who use anabolic steroids or clenbuterol have been persuaded to do so by their partners, write researchers from the Swedish Karolinska Institutet in Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy.
The women who the Swedes interviewed were all part of a group of fifty women users, who had contacted the Swedish Anti-Doping Hot-Line. Of this group, eight wanted to kick the habit – and these are the women who took part in the study.
Five of the eight women used anabolic steroids such as nandrolone, methenolone and stanozolol; five women used ephedrine and four used clenbuterol. The doses of the steroids the women used were lower than the doses that men generally use.
The motives of the women for using steroids were interesting. Five women said they had been persuaded to do so by their male partners, all of whom also used steroids. One even said that her partner had forced her to take doping substances. Finally, one other woman said that had father had given her clenbuterol secretly, without her knowledge.
Only two women said that they had decided themselves to use pharmacological substances.
The women reported side effects including an increase in body hair, loss of head hair, voice deepening, enlargement of the clitoris, heart palpitations and depressions.
"Our results indicate that not only treatment directions but also future preventing programs may be different between men and women", wrote the researchers.
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2016 Mar 5;11(1):11.
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