ergo-log.com

Definition: "An ergogenic aid is any substance or phenomenon that enhances performance "

about us

/

contact

/

26.03.2014


Strength training improves cholesterol level (a little)

If overweight women take up weight training their cholesterol levels improve. The effect isn't overwhelming, but it's big enough to reduce their chance of having a heart attack.
If your cholesterol levels are bad, and you belong to the 5 percent of humanity with enough willpower to do something about it without statins, then you are probably going to take up endurance training. Endurance training is good for your cholesterol, say medical websites. But according to this American study, strength training too can make a difference.
Well.
Just about.

Cardiovascular disease
Overweight, diabetes and cardiovascular disease are all linked. Put simply: if you have too much fat tissue your insulin sensitivity decreases, and the amount of glucose in your blood increases. Your liver absorbs some of the glucose and uses this to make 'bad' cholesterol. This bad cholesterol plus the toxic glucose levels damage blood vessels and as a result your chance of having a heart attack or stroke increases.


Strength training improves cholesterol level (a little)


Study
In 2011 American sports scientists published the results of a study, in which they examined whether strength training could alter the interplay between overweight, diabetes and cardiovascular disease in overweight people, in the International Journal of Sports Medicine.

If overweight women take up weight training their cholesterol levels improve. The effect isnít overwhelming, but it's big enough to reduce their chance of having a heart attack.
The researchers got 9 post-menopausal women, all aged between 60 and 70 and with an average BMI of 32, to do weight training for 12 weeks.

The women trained three times a week and each session consisted of a full-body workout. The women did chest press, lat-pulldown, shoulder-press, seated-rows, leg-abductions, leg-adductions, chest-flies, de leg-press, leg-curls and leg-extensions. The women did 3 sets of 8 reps for each exercise; the last set each time was to failure.

A control group of twelve women didn't train.

A single training session had no effect on the triglyceride or cholesterol concentration in the blood, but after 12 weeks the LDL cholesterol concentration (LDL = bad), the triglyceride concentration (triglycerides = even worse) and the non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL cholesterol = all bad things together) concentration had decreased by 23, 16 and 20 percent respectively.


If overweight women take up weight training their cholesterol levels improve. The effect isnít overwhelming, but it's big enough to reduce their chance of having a heart attack.


According to cardiologists, the chance of a heart attack or other "nonfatal coronary heart eventĒ decreases by 4.4 percent for every mmol per litre decrease in the LDL cholesterol concentration.

Results
"In this study, 12 weeks of resistance exercise training reduced LDL-cholesterol by 0.77 mmol per liter, which may translate to a 3.4 percent reduction in risk of a nonfatal coronary heart event in this group of women", the researchers write.

In comparison, sponsored studies show that statins can reduce the LDL cholesterol level so much that the chance of a nonfatal coronary heart event decreases by thirty percent.

But still, a decrease of 3.4 percent through strength training is of course better than none at all. In addition, the researchers hope that the positive cardiovascular effects of strength training may increase in the longer term.

The women in the group that trained gained strength, but changes in body composition were not statistically significant.

Conclusion
"Interestingly, in this study the effect of resistance training on lipid and lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations was independent of changes in BMI and body composition", the researchers write.

"Furthermore, these results provide support for the use of whole body resistance training in obese, postmenopausal women as a non-pharmacological approach for the reduction of lipid and lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations."

Source:
Int J Sports Med. 2011 Jan;32(1):7-13.

More:
Strength training helps keep post-menopausal women slim 03.03.2014
Weakened soleus causes older women to fall 22.10.2013
Strength training helps women recovering from breast cancer stay attractive and healthy 14.08.2013

Archives:
Resistance Training For Women
Cardiovascular Health
Resistance Training


This type of strength training is just as good for your cardiovascular health as running Strength training protects against high blood pressure Too much emphasis on breakfast when dieting will cost you muscle mass

This type of strength training is just as good for your cardiovascular health as running
Strength training is especially good for body composition and strength, endurance training is especially good for heart and blood vessels. That's what the textbooks say.

Strength training protects against high blood pressure
If you have high blood pressure, many doctors and patients think you shouldn't be doing strength training. This is not the case.

Combination of strength training with fish oil supplementation lowers blood pressure
When people start exercising with weights, they become stronger. If they combine their workouts with fish oil supplementation, they will not only get stronger, but also lower their blood pressure - read: reduce their risk of having a heart attack or stroke.