Definition: "An ergogenic aid is any substance or phenomenon that enhances performance "
Delay aging by eating fewer meals per day
If you want to live longer, or reduce your chance of developing chronic diseases such as type-2 diabetes, Parkinson's or Alzheimer's, then reduce the number of meals you eat daily. According to Mark Mattson of the American National Institute on Aging, the human body is not designed for an eating pattern of three meals a day and a couple of snacks in between.
The men roasted pieces of meat they'd managed to loosen from the carcass, and the whole group would munch on them – together with the nuts, roots, berries, seeds and toadstools that the women had gathered, and the fish and snails the children had caught in the river.
Thousands of years later, romantics would announce that our forefathers lived from hunting, gorging themselves on woolly rhino and eland every day.
Agriculture and later the food industry and the refrigerator have led to drastic changes in our eating habits. Now we tend to eat all day long – in the way Mattson has shown in A in the figure above. [Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Nov 25;111(47):16647-53.] That's not how our ancestors ate in the Stone Age. They probably only ate during a limited number of hours each day.
An increasing number of scientific experiments suggest that our bodies are not designed for the modern eating pattern. In that modern eating pattern we don't eat for about 8 hours in a day. If you extend this period to 16 hours [C], you reduce the likelihood of developing diseases such as type-2 diabetes, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. If you are already suffering from one of these then the symptoms are reduced by changing to a modified paleo-like eating pattern, if the animal studies are to be believed.
In that study, microbiologists at the University of South Florida gave nematodes beta-hydroxy-butyrate [beta-HB], and observed that the creatures lived 20 percent longer as a result.
It is possible to buy supplements containing beta-hydroxy-butyrate, but you also synthesize the stuff yourself if you burn fats. Beta-hydroxy-butyrate is a ketone, and if you fast or follow a low-carb diet, the concentration of this increases. And an increased concentration of beta-hydroxy-butyrate in your brains results in a feeling of clarity and an upbeat mood.