These supplements accelerate fat loss during a low-glycemic diet
If you start eating healthier and start to exercise more, do supplements add something? Yes, says this study. Supplementation with extra proteins, omega-3 fatty acids and probiotics accelerates the loss of body fat and improves cardiovascular health. It is a pity that this kind of research is almost always financed by the supplement industry...
The researchers divided 32 subjects, all of whom were overweight and at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, in two groups. Both groups received a low-glycemic diet for 13 weeks [with a relatively high protein intake and without rapidly absorbing carbohydrates].
In addition, all subjects had to exercise with moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes a day, and worked out with weights twice a week.
One group combined this approach wit supplementation: every day 40 grams of protein in the form of a shake, 2 grams of phytosterols, 2 grams of EPA-rich fish oil, probiotics and 1 gram of berberine. All supplements were produced by Nature's Sunshine. [naturessunshine.com] The researchers worked at that company. Sigh.
The other group did not use supplements. They didn't receive placebos.
The combination of the low-glycemic diet and exercise [Diet only] resulted in a decrease in body weight and fat mass. Supplementation enhanced this effect.
The low-glycemic diet plus physical exercise [DIET] improved the cholesterol balance, but that improvement was even greater in combination with the supplementation [PROG]. The researchers were able to calculate that the risk of cardiovascular disease - more precisely: the Framingham 10-year cardiovascular disease risk score - decreased significantly in the PROG group, but not in the DIET group.
"Lifestyle modifications, including dietary alteration and daily aerobic exercise, have demonstrated success in correcting obesity-associated cardio-metabolic syndrome risk factors", the researchers write. "Variations of this regimen form the basis of recommendations provided by national organizations."
"The results of this study, however, demonstrate that supplementation of a low glycemic load diet and exercise plan with low glycemic load, high-protein shake formulations and targeted nutraceuticals may produce significantly greater improvements in multiple cardio-metabolic syndrome risk factors than diet and lifestyle modification alone."
"Combining targeted nutraceutical supplementation with a low glycemic load diet may represent a novel nutritional approach to reducing cardio-metabolic syndrome risk factors in generally healthy overweight persons."
Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2017 Dec;95(12):1414-25.
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