ergo-log.com

Definition: "An ergogenic aid is any substance or phenomenon that enhances performance "

about us

/

contact

/

17.01.2019


New omega-3 analog sn1-DHA-LPC improves memory

New omega-3 analog sn1-DHA-LPC improves memory
Medical scientists from the University of Illinois in the US are experimenting with a new type of omega-3 supplement, that can increase the concentration of omega-3 fatty acids in the brain in a way that is not possible with regular fish oil and krill oil. The researchers published an animal study in which the new substance sn1-DHA-LPC significantly improved the memory of mice.

DHA-LPC
Omega-3 fatty acids such as DHA are commercially now available in two forms: as fats or trigllycerides in the traditional fish oil capsules, and as phospholipids in krill oil capsules. In these phospholipids - the researchers prefer to speak of lysophosphatidylcholines [LPC] - the omega-3 fatty acid is usually at the molecule's sn2 position. As lysophosphatidylcholine analogs omega-3 fatty acids are absorbed better than in the form of a triglyceride.

However, the researchers are convinced that LPC fish fatty acids are absorbed even better when the fatty acids are at the sn1 position of the molecule.


New omega-3 analog sn1-DHA-LPC improves memory


The researchers are now, after a number of studies, so strongly convinced that they have applied for a patent [United States Application US20180325924] for the use of sn1-fish fatty acid LPC molecules to increase the concentration of omega-3 fatty in the brain. These new molecules may be used against depression, they think. [J Lipid Res. 2018 Dec 10. pii: jlr.M090464. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M090464. [Epub ahead of print].]

Study
The researchers experimented with 4 groups of mice. The first group received standard feed for 30 days [Control].

The second group received daily DHA in its free form via the oral route [Free DHA]. If the mice had been humans, they would have received 350-450 milligrams of DHA daily.

Mice in a third and fourth group received the same dose of DHA daily via the same route, but in the form of sn1 and sn2-DHA-LPC respectively.

Results
In the animals that received DHA, the concentration of DHA in the brain did not increase. Supplementation with sn1 and sn2-DHA-LPC did increase the concentration of DHA in the brain.

Click on the figure for a larger version.


New omega-3 analog sn1-DHA-LPC improves memory


New omega-3 analog sn1-DHA-LPC improves memory


After a month of supplementation, the researchers put the mice for 5 days in a aquarium for a few minutes, in which a platform was hidden. Mice do not like swimming, and feel better when they can rest on a platform. The supplementation did not affect the time the mice needed to find the platform [bottom left].

When the researchers put the mice back into the water after they learned where the location of the platform, the mice that had received DHA found the platform as quickly as the animals that had received no active substances. The sn1 and sn2-DHA-LPC mice, on the other hand, found the platform in a shorter time frame [bottom right].

Click on the figure below for a larger version.


New omega-3 analog sn1-DHA-LPC improves memory


The researchers repeated the experiment, but this time with only two groups of mice. One group received sn1-DHA-LPC, the other sn2-DHA-LPC. The sn1-DHA-LPC group performed better.

Click on the figure below for a larger version.


New omega-3 analog sn1-DHA-LPC improves memory


Mechanism
In some parts of the brain, such as the cortex and hippocampus, the researchers found an increased activity of the 'brain hormone' BDNF in the test animals given sn1 and sn2-DHA-LPC. That's not a complete surprise. DHA activates BDNF.

BDNF induces brain cells to develop and connect with each other, allowing the brain to record information.


New omega-3 analog sn1-DHA-LPC improves memory


Source:
Sci Rep. 2017 Sep 12;7(1):11263.

More:
Older than 60? Supplementation with fish oil, Ginkgo and B vitamins protects your brain 20.01.2019
Fish oil capsules reduce aggression within six weeks 09.01.2019
Elderly fish eaters have better brains 20.02.2017

Archives:
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Brain Boosters


Mild depression disappears after taking fish oil for three weeks Combination of B vitamins and fish oil reduces age-related brain atrophy How omega-3 fatty acids protect your brain

Mild depression disappears after taking fish oil for three weeks
American psychiatrists reached this conclusion after doing a small study, which they published in Psychiatry Research.

Combination of B vitamins and fish oil reduces age-related brain atrophy
Your brain, like your muscles, starts to shrink as you age. This atrophy can lead to dementia and Alzheimer's. But...

How omega-3 fatty acids protect your brain
Omega-3 fatty acids offer protection against depression, physical blows and falls, and lots more. Japanese researchers have worked out how.