ergo-log.com

Definition: "An ergogenic aid is any substance or phenomenon that enhances performance "

about us

/

contact

/

28.01.2014


Overweight people can best combine cardio and strength training

Obese people who want to exercise will gain most benefit from combining cardio (or endurance) training and strength training. Researchers at the University of Vienna reach this conclusion in a meta-study in which they gathered the results from the 15 best studies they could find and re-analysed them.
Obese people who want to exercise will gain most benefit from combining cardio (or endurance) training and strength training. Researchers at the University of Vienna reach this conclusion in a meta-study in which they gathered the results from the 15 best studies they could find and re-analysed them.

Endurance training & strength training
Thirty years ago sports scientists and trainers were still convinced that fat people needed to do endurance or cardio training. Longer periods of exertion would burn more calories than the shorter bursts typical of strength training, was the reasoning.

Trainers and scientists have meanwhile adopted a more nuanced view. Strength training helps build muscle mass, and every pound of muscle gained boosts calorie burning. This effect is greater in the long term than the couple of hundred calories you burn while doing cardio or endurance training they now realise.

Many trainers who help overweight people have therefore switched to a combination of cardio and strength training. The Austrian meta-study confirms that they are on the right track.

Study
The researchers looked at the effects of cardio training, strength training and a combination of the two on body weight, waist measurement, the ratio between waste and hip measurements, fat mass and lean body mass.

Results
The figure below is a summary of the results. A score of 1 indicates that a training type scored worst, and that the positive effect of this type of training on the parameters was weaker than the other types of training. A score of 3 indicates that the type of training was more effective than the other types of training.


Obese people who want to exercise will gain most benefit from combining cardio (or endurance) training and strength training. Researchers at the University of Vienna reach this conclusion in a meta-study in which they gathered the results from the 15 best studies they could find and re-analysed them.


Obese people who want to exercise will gain most benefit from combining cardio (or endurance) training and strength training. Researchers at the University of Vienna reach this conclusion in a meta-study in which they gathered the results from the 15 best studies they could find and re-analysed them.


Strength training was the best way to build up lean body mass, but when it came to the reduction in bodyweight, fat mass, waste measurement and the waist-hip ratio, the combination of strength and cardio training scored best. If you add up all the scores for each type of training, itís as clear as day that combining the two types of training produces the best results. The figure above shows this.

Overweight is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, so the researchers also looked at the effect of the different types of training on the concentration of 'good cholesterol' HDL and triglycerides in the blood, and maximal oxygen uptake [VO2max]. They discovered that cardio training [Ca] had as much positive effect on cardiovascular health as the combination of cardio and strength training [Co] did.


Obese people who want to exercise will gain most benefit from combining cardio (or endurance) training and strength training. Researchers at the University of Vienna reach this conclusion in a meta-study in which they gathered the results from the 15 best studies they could find and re-analysed them.


Obese people who want to exercise will gain most benefit from combining cardio (or endurance) training and strength training. Researchers at the University of Vienna reach this conclusion in a meta-study in which they gathered the results from the 15 best studies they could find and re-analysed them.


Conclusie
"Combination training is the most efficacious exercise modality in the prevention and treatment of overweight, and obesity and should therefore recommended whenever possible", the researchers conclude.

Source:
PLoS One. 2013 Dec 17;8(12):e82853.

More:
Combination training speeds up weight loss 30.11.2012
Modest cardio speeds up post-weight training recovery 22.11.2012
Sometimes strength training helps you burn more calories than cardio training 14.08.2011