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07.08.2015


Fructose makes you extra fat because it makes you lazy too

If you consume large amounts of sugar you'll not only get fatter, you'll also get fatter faster than if you consume large amounts of glucose. That's because fructose one of the components of sugar makes you lazy, which means you move less. Nutritionists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign discovered this when they studied the effect of a high-fructose diet on mice.

Glucose, fructose and sugar
You probably know already, but we'll repeat it just in case. Thanks to the food industry we consume too much refined carbohydrates. These are not healthy for us and the unhealthiest of all refined carbohydrates are sucrose and fructose.

Fructose is a component of sucrose, ordinary sugar, but an increasing number of foods also contain fructose alone. Fructose is a component, for example, of High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS).


Sucrose Fructose

Sucrose

Fructose


Researchers like Robert Lustig have been warning for years about the consequences of a high fructose intake. Fructose doesn't convert easily into glucose. It's glucose that stimulates the production of insulin, the hormone that induces cells to absorb glucose.

With fructose the process doesn't go so smoothly, so fructose tends to hang around more in the bloodstream. As a result, a diet that contains a lot of fructose is more likely to lead to diabetes, cardiovascular disease and overweight than a diet that contains a lot of glucose.

The animal study done at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, which was recently published in Scientific Reports, confirms the dangers of our current intake levels of fructose.

Study
The researchers gave mice food that contained 180g fructose per kg for 11 weeks. The food was an imitation of the diet of heavy consumers of fructose. A control group was given food that contained 180 g glucose per kg.

Results
The mice in both groups put on weight, but the fructose mice became fatter than the mice in the glucose group.


Fructose makes you extra fat because it makes you lazy too


Fructose makes you extra fat because it makes you lazy too


The researchers used cameras to monitor how much the mice moved around in their cages at night [mice are nocturnal animals]. They observed that the mice in both groups started to move less when the experiment began. But the decrease in movement was bigger in the fructose group than in the glucose group.


Fructose makes you extra fat because it makes you lazy too


Fructose makes you extra fat because it makes you lazy too


Conclusion
"In support of our observations, a recent study reported that ingestion of fructose (25% energy intake, 10 weeks) in human volunteers also resulted in reduced energy expenditure in relation to a diet with the same glucose dose", the researchers wrote. [Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012 Feb;66(2):201-8.]

"Such changes in energy expenditure are likely to have important implications in regard to regulation of body weight and energy balance in long-term consumption of fructose. It is realistic to consider an increase in physical activity as a way to ablate the potential negative impact of fructose consumption in body weight."

Source:
Sci Rep. 2015 Apr 20;5:9589.

More:
Slow carbs make you more muscular and more active: animal study 03.10.2011