Anti-inflammatory diet allows smokers to live for years longer
Smokers with an anti-inflammatory diet live several years longer than smokers with a diet that encourages inflammatory reactions in the body, discovered Swedish epidemiologists from the Karolinska Institutet. But their publication, which will be publisched in the Journal of Internal Medicine, also makes it clear that smokers, who want to prolong their life span seriously, should stop smoking. Period.
The researchers followed 68,273 Swedish adults for 17 years. The study participants were 45-83 years when the study began. The researchers knew the lifestyle of the participants, including their dietary pattern. On the basis of 16 food groups the researchers determined to what extent their diet was inflammatory or anti-inflammatory.
Meat products, chips and soft drinks reduced the anti-inflammatory score of a diet; foods such as fruit, vegetables, tea, coffee, whole-grain products, nuts and olive oil increased the anti-inflammatory score.
An anti-inflammatory diet prolonged the lifespan, and reduced the chance of death due to, among other things, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. This effect was especially present in smokers. Smokers with an anti-inflammatory diet lived approximately 2 years longer than smokers with a diet that encourages inflammation.
Of course, smokers are even better off if they also stop smoking. Ex-smokers with an anti-inflammatory diet lived 4.2 years longer than smokers with a diet that promotes inflammation.
"The results indicate that adherence to a diet with high anti-inflammatory potential may reduce all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality and increase survival,
especially amongst current and former smokers", the researchers summarize.
J Intern Med. 2018 Sep 12. doi: 10.1111/joim.12823. [Epub ahead of print].
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